Cundinamarca

Frae Wikipedia
(Reguidit frae Cundinamarca Depairtment)
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Cundinamarca Depairtment
Departamento de Cundinamarca
Depairtment

Flag

Coat of arms
Motto: Cundinamarca Corazón de Colombia
(Spainyie: Cundinamarca, Hert o Colombie)
Anthem: Himno de Cundinamarca
Cundinamarca an Bogotá D.C. are shown in red
Coordinates: 4°36′N 74°5′W / 4.600°N 74.083°W / 4.600; -74.083
Kintra  Colombie
Region Andean Region
Established 15 Juin 1857
Caipital Bogotá
Government
 • Govrenor Andrés Gonzales (Colombie Leeberal Pairty)
Area
 • Total 24,210 km2 (9,350 sq mi)
Area rank 17
Population (2005)[1]
 • Total 2,228,478
 • Rank 4
 • Density 92/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-05
ISO 3166 code CO-CUN
Provinces 15
Website www.cundinamarca.gov.co

Cundinamarca Spainyie pronunciation: [kundinaˈmarka]) is ane o the depairtments o Colombie. Its aurie covers 24.210 km,2 an it haes a population o 2,280,037. It wis creatit on 5 August 1886 unner the constitutional terms presentit on the same year. Cundinamarca is locatit in the center o Colombie an its caipital is Bogotá.

Oreegin o the name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name o Cundinamarca comes frae kundur marqa, an indigenous expression, probably derivit frae Quechua. Meanin "condor's nest", it wis uised in pre-Columbie times bi the natives o the Magdalena Valley tae refer tae the nearbi heichlands.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o Cundinamarca is on the Eastern Cordillera (Cordillera Oriental), juist sooth o Boyacá, bordered bi the Magdalena River on the wast, reachin doun intae the Orinoco River basin on the east, an borderin on Tolima tae the sooth. The caipital destrict o Bogotá is nearly completely surroondit bi Cundinamarca territory an wis formit bi carvin up Cundinamarca; atween this an ither diveesions, the present depairtment o Cundinamarca is hintle smawer than the oreeginal state.

The caipital o Cundinamarca is Bogotá. This is a special case amang Colombie depairtments, syne Bogotá is no legally a pairt o Cundinamarca, yet it is the anerlie depairtment that heas its caipital designatit bi the Constitution (if the caipital wis tae be iver muivit, it wad tak a constitutional reform tae dae so, insteid o a simple ordinance passed bi the Cundinamarca Assembly). In censuses, the populations for Bogotá an Cundinamarca are tabulatit separately; itherwise, Cundinamarca's population wad total 9.5 million.

Entity Population Aurie (km²) Densitie
Cundinamarca (excludin D.C.) 2,349,578 22,623 104
Bogotá D.C. 7,881,156 1,587 4,485
Cundinamarca plus Bogotá 10,230,734 24,210 391

Demography an ethnography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Municipalities wi ower 50.000 inhabitants[eedit | eedit soorce]

Municipal population position[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 1st Bogotá 6.776.009
  • 2nd Soacha 398.295
  • 3rd Fusagasugá 107.259
  • 4th Facatativá 106.067
  • 5th Zipaquirá 100.038
  • 6th Chía 97.444
  • 7th Girardot 95.496
  • 8th Mosquera 63.584
  • 9th Madrid 61.599
  • 10th Funza 60.571

Accordin tae the latest census conductit in 2005, 2,280,037 people live in Cundinamarca, excludin 6,776,009 o the caipital, Bogotá. The racial makup is:

  • Mestizos an whites (96.28-33%): Mestizos are mixed European-Amerindie blood. The Bogotá metropolitan aurie haes a history o European (no limitit tae Spainyie) an ither Laitin American immigration.
  • Blacks or Afro-Colombies (3.33-37%)
  • Indigenous/Amerindies (0.31-34%): Vera law percentage.
  • Roma (Gitanos or Gypsies) (0.01%).
  • East Asies (0.01%), aften o Chinese descent. Aboot 25,000 Cheenese-Colombies live in the depairtment.

The ceety o Bogotá an the municipalities o Soacha, La Calera, Cota, Chia, Madrid, Funza, Mosquera, Fusagasugá, Facatativá an Zipaquirá form a single metropolitan aurie. It is the maist populous depairtment wi 8 million inhabitants an average densitie o 7,400 inhabitants per km², ane o the heichest in the warld.

Important ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cundinamarca is made up o 126 municipalities, seiven o which recordit a population o ower 100,000 an coud be considered as ceeties: Bogotá, Soacha, Fusagasugá, Girardot, Facatativá, Zipaquirá an Chia, while Bogota is in the category o caipital.

Provinces[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cundinamarca haes 15 provinces an the Caipital Destrict o Bogotá (Bogotá D.C.), which simultaneously acts as caipital o the Republic, caipital o the Depairtment an a Destrict (or Depairtment) in itsel.

  1. Almeidas
  2. Upper Magdalena (Alto Magdalena)
  3. Lower Magdalena (Bajo Magdalena)
  4. Gualivá
  5. Guavio
  6. Central Magdalena (Magdalena Centro)
  7. Medina
  8. Eastren (Oriente)
  9. Rionegro
  10. Central Savanna (Sabana Centro)
  11. Wastren Savanna (Sabana Occidente)
  12. Soacha
  13. Sumapaz
  14. Tequendama
  15. Ubaté

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]