Coonties o Ingland
Coonties o Ingland are auries uised for the purposes o admeenistrative, geographical an poleetical demarcation. Aw o Ingland is dividit intae 48 ceremonial coonties, which are an aa kent as geographic coonties. Mony o these coonties hae their oreegins in antiquity, although some wur established as recently as 1974.
Ootside Greater Lunnon an the Isles o Scilly, Ingland is also divided into 83 metropolitan an non-metropolitan coonties. These are auries uised for the purposes o local govrenment, an mey consist o a single destrict or be dividit intae several destricts. 27 o these coounties are dividit intae destricts an hae a coonty cooncil. Maist ceremonial coonties correspond tae a metropolitan or non-metropolitan coonty o the same name, but aften wi reduced bundaries.
The current arrangement is the result o incremental reform. Frae 1889 tae 1974 auries wi coonty cooncils wur kent as admeenistrative coonties, an ceremonial coonties wur defined separately. Frae 1974 tae 1996 the metropolitan an non-metropolitan coonties correspondit directly wi the ceremonial coonties. For the purpose o directin mail, Ingland wias dividit intae 48 postal coonties frae 1974 tae 1996; these hae syne been abandoned bi the Ryal Mail. Coonties are uised as the geographical basis for a number o institutions such as polis an fire services.