Cleopatra III o Egyp
Cleopatra III wis an aa kent as Cleopatra Euergetis while associatit wi her husband Ptolemy VIII or her son Ptolemy X. She is attestit as Cleopatra Philometor Soteira while associated with her eldest son Ptolemy IX. Accordin tae Strabo she wis sometimes kent as Cleopatra Kokke when discussed in relation tae her son Ptolemy X.
Younger Years[edit | edit source]
Cleopatra III’s uncle Ptolemy VIII o Egyp ruled thegither wit her parents frae ca 170 tae 164 BC at which point he expelled Cleopatra II an Ptolemy VI o Egyp. But he wis suin forced tae abdicate. Cleopatra III’s parents reteuk the throne an remained in pouer for amaist 20 years till 145 BC. Durin this time Cleopatra III wis born tae Ptolemy VI an Cleopatra II o Egyp (sometime atween 160 an 155 BC). Cleopatra wis a sister o Ptolemy Eupator, Cleopatra Thea an possibly Berenice.
Efter the daith o her faither Ptolemy VI frae injuries sustained when fallin frae his horse durin the battle o Oinoparas against Alexander Balas, Cleopatra III’s uncle Ptolemy VIII became the Keeng o Egyp again.
Joint rule wi her mither a husband[edit | edit source]
Ptolemy VIII first married Cleopatra III’s mither Cleopatra II in 145 BC, an married Cleopatra III in ca 139 BC. Cleopatra II rebelled against Ptolemy VIII in ca 132 BC. Cleopatra III fled tae Cyprus in 130 BC wi her husband Ptolemy VIII an wis able tae return tae Alexandria in 127 BC.
Cleopatra III an Ptolemy VIII haed five children :
- Ptolemy IX born ca 143 BC
- Tryphaena born ca 141 BC. Married Antiochus VIII Grypus, keeng o Sirie in 124 BC
- Ptolemy X born ca 140 or 139 BC. Married his niece Berenice (dochter o Ptolemy IX an Cleopatra Selene I)
- Cleopatra IV born atween 138 an 135 BC. Married first her brither Ptolemy IX an seicont Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, keeng o Sirie
- Cleopatra Selene I born atween 135 an 130 BC. Married first tae her brither Ptolemy IX, an later tae her brither Ptolemy X. Later married tae Antiochus VIII Grypus, keeng o Sirie, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, keeng o Sirie an Antiochus X Eusebes, keeng o Sirie
In ca 124 BC Cleopatra III an her husband wur joined again bi her mither Cleopatra II as a joint ruler.
Joint Rule wi her sons[edit | edit source]
Cleopatra III expelled Ptolemy IX frae Alexandria in 107 BC an replaced him as co-regent wi her seicont son Ptolemy X. Efter 6 years o joint rule Ptolemy X haed his mother Cleopatra III murdered in 101 BC.
Ptolemy VIII an Cleopatra II
|Ptolemaic Queen o Egyp
with Ptolemy VIII an Cleopatra II
|Ptolemaic Queen o Egyp
wi Ptolemy VIII, Cleopatra II, Ptolemy IX, an Ptolemy X
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