The term Cape Dutch wis uised tae describe the inhabitants (an their leid) o the Wastren Cape o Sooth Africae, descendit primarily frae Dutch an Flemish as well as smawer numbers o French, German an ither European immigrants alang wi a percentage o their Asian an African slaves, who, frae the 17t century intae the 19t century, remained mair or less loyal subjects o European (first Dutch, later Breetish) pouers. Meanwhile, their pastoralist trekking kinsmen, the Trekboers, wur migratin away fra the Wastren Cape carvin oot a distinct cultur an dialect wi a strang desire for independence. The term Cape Dutch is believed tae hae been coined bi Trekboers tae illustrate the fact that the Cape Dutch did no share the Trekboers' cultur an interests or desire for independence. The Cape Dutch tendit tae hae no muckle affinity for their rustic Trekboer kinsmen whose leid, cultur, an frontier lifestyle they sometimes deemed inferior.
The Voortrekkers (mainly descendants o Trekboers) embarked on a series o mass migrations caused bi the invadin Breetish, later kent as the Great Trek.
During the early twintiet century the descendants o the Cape Dutch an the Boers o Voortrekker an Trekboer descent woud collectively become kent as Afrikaners. That term is based on the leid they spoke, Afrikaans, which directly evolved frae Dutch dialects wi minor Inglis, Malay, French an African influences. The Cape Dutch spoke a dialect cawed Cape Afrikaans or Wastren Cape Afrikaans, while the Trekboers an maist Voortrekkers spoke a dialect cawed Eastren Border Afrikaans. The Griquas (a métis o Boer, Tswana an Khoi) spoke a dialect cawed Orange River Afrikaans.
The descendants o the Cape Dutch in the twintiet century wur considered mair "liberal" an internaitionalist, while their northren, somewha estranged kinsmen, the descendants o Voortrekkers an Trekboers, wur considered mair conservative, republican an naitionalist.
During the referendum o 1960 which asked voters if they wantit tae exit frae the Breetish Commonwealth an adopt a republic in Sooth Africae, mony Cape Dutch descendants votit no in favour while maist Republican Boer descendants votit in favour.
The Republic o Sooth Africae wis adoptit on a 51% result o the referendum due tae the popular support o the Republican Boer descendants.
The term Cape Dutch an aa refers tae the early form o Afrikaans spoken at the Cape an an aa refers tae a style o architectural design uised in hooses, farm steads, wine estates an public buildings o the 17t an 18t centuries in the Cape, particularly aroond Cape Town, but an aa in touns like Stellenbosch, Franschhoek, Paarl, Swellendam, Tulbagh an as far off as Graaff-Reinet.