Calculus is a mathematical or logical formal seestem. It wis cleckit in the 17t century bi Isaac Newton an Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz an uises infineetesimal quantities for tae find the tangent o curves — differential calculus — or for tae calculate lenths an areas o curved feegurs — integral calculus. Thir operations is inverses, frae the fundamental theorem o calculus.
Amang the important areas o calculus is:
- differential calculus — a brainch o mathematics based on the notions o the differential an dereivative, an that's adae wi solvin differential equations.
- infineetesimal calculus — a brainch o mathematics includin differential an integral calculus that's adae wi infineetesimals.
- integral calculus — a brainch o mathematics that's adae wi the calculation o integrals an conter-dereivatives, an wi reddin differential equations.
- probabeelity calculus — a brainch o mathematics that's adae wi the modellin o chance.