Caibarién

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Caibarién
Municipality
Nickname(s): La Villa Blanca (The White Toun)
Caibarién is located in Cuba
Caibarién
Location o Caibarién in Cuba
Coordinates: 22°30′57″N 79°28′20″W / 22.51583°N 79.47222°W / 22.51583; -79.47222
Kintra  Cuba
Province Villa Clara
Foondit 1832
Established 1873 (Veelage)
Municipality 1879
Area[1]
 • Total 212 km2 (82 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2009 [2])
 • Total 37,902
 • Density 88.9/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-42

Caibarién is a municipality an ceety in the Villa Clara province o Cuba.

Caibarien is kent as "La Villa Blanca" (The White Toun) for its sands an beaches. They are famous for their "Parrandas" (Carnivals) alang wi Remedios (the neebouring toun locatit 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) wast) an Camajuani.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun wis foondit on 26 October 1832 frae a map designed bi Estratón Bauza. For his constant concern an tenacity in their efforts, an acause he affered some o his launds an economic concessions tae the foondin o the toun Don Narciso de Justa is considered the foonder o Caibarién. On 1834 it wis namit Colonia de Vives, but on 1837 the oreeginal name (Caibarién) wis restored. On 19 September 1873 wis awairdit the veelage title.

In 1878 the town already had stores, churches, schools and newspapers. On October 25 was founded the committee of the Cuban Liberal Party in Caibarién, and elections were prepared between the Liberal Party and the Constitutional Union.

On 1 Januar 1879 Caibarién emerged as an independent municipality of Remedios and the first city council was established being it first Mayor Don Hipólito Escobar Martelo from the Liberal Party. On 1891, Laureano López Cosío was chosen as Mayor.

On the seicont hauf o 1893 the political turmoil began tae increase, sheddin elements frae the Conservative Union to form a third political party called Reform. This year the mayor Cosío dee'd and Damián Judez Celaya wis electit. On 18 Januar 1895 Judez dee'd an wis succeedit bi the Spainyie merchant Antonio Imaz Llaguno.[3]

Afore the unthirldom war o 1895 the veelage haes achievit steady progress, showin an economic pouer that wis a real surprise at the time.[4]

The aurie wis scene o actions durin the unthirldom wars o the nineteent century like the uprisin o Carlos Roloff.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is situated on the north coast o Cuba, borderin the Bay o Buena Vista (Bahia de Buena Vista) o the Atlantic Ocean. It lees at the eastren extremity o the Villa Clara Province, close tae the border wi Sancti Spíritus Province. The toun is servit bi the Caibarien Airport (IATA: -ICAO: MUCB).

The municipality is dividit intae the barrios of Primero, Segundo, Tercero, Cuarto an Quinto.[5]

Economy an tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

It served as a shippin point for agricultural commodities, such as sugarcane, tobacco, an fruit. It servit as a sponge-fishin centre an aw. Its hotels are nou destroyed bi lack o care, an maist concrete hooses are crumblin on tae its streets. The piers that ance servit as shippin points for agricultural commodities hae fawen intae the bay. The twa succar mills that uised tae send their succar exports through the harbour are nou closed an crumblin. The major succar mill (Reforma) it is nou a museum for tourist.

The Parrandas carnivals tak place twice a year on August–September an bi the mid o Dizember. They last uisually for aboot twa weeks at a time.

The main centre for tourists in Caibarien is "Los Cayos" (The keys) wi such cays as Cayo Santa Maria, Cayo Fragoso, Cayo las Brujas, etc. New Cuban reforms nou allou Cuban citizens tae enter the resorts an beaches that wur ance exclusive tae tourists.

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2004, the municipality o Caibarién haed a population o 38,064.[6] Wi a total aurie o 212 km2 (82 sq mi),[1] it haes a population densitie o 179.5 /km2 (465 /sq mi).

Cayo Conuco[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cayo Conuco is a sma island locatit seiven kilometres frae Caibarién,[7] which is joined tae the mainlaund bi a stane causewa.[8] It wis recently covered anerlie bi thin, dry pastur, housomeivver native plant species hae resumit their oreeginal place.[9] In 1948, the Asociación de Scouts de Cuba held its seicont naitional Jamboree in Cayo Conuco, Caibarién.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-09. 
  2. "Anuario Estadístico". Caibarién 2009. Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  3. "Ecured". Fundación de Caibarién. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  4. "Sitio web de la cultura caibarienense". Historia. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  5. Guije.com. "Caibarién". Retrieved 2007-10-09.  (Spainyie)
  6. Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-09.  (Spainyie)
  7. "ENVIRONMENT-CUBA: Restoring Lost Balance in Nature - IPS ipsnews.net". ipsnews.net. Retrieved 2011-02-14. 
  8. Footprint Cuba - Google Books. books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-02-14. 
  9. Second_circular_II_International_Simposium_on_Ecological_Restoration

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]