Bugatti Type 13
The Type 13 wis the first real Bugatti caur. Production of the Type 13 and later Types 15, 17, 22, and 23, began wi the company's foondin in 1910 an lastit through 1920 wi 435 examples produced. Maist road caurs uised an 8-valve ingine, though five Type 13 racers haed 16-valve heids, ane o the first iver produced. The road caurs became kent as "pur-sang" ("thoroughbred") in keepin wi Ettore Bugatti's feelins for his designs.
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The Type 10 uised a monobloc straight-fower ingine o Ettore's awn design. it wis an owerheid cam unit wi 2 valves per cylinder, heichlie advanced for the time. A vera-unnersquare design, it haed a 60 mm bore an 100 mm stroke for a total o 1.1 L (1131 cc/69 in3). This wis attacht tae an open roadster body wi solid axles front an rear. Leaf springs suspendit the front wi nae suspension at aw in the rear. Cables operatit rear drum brakes.
The caur wis preserved an nicknamed "la baignoire" ("the bathtub") bi the staff at Molsheim in later years due tae its shape. Ettore restored it in 1939 an repaintit it an orange-red color, earnin it a new nickname, "le homard" ("the lobster"). It wis moved tae Bordeaux for the duration o Warld War II an remained there for decades afore fallin intae private awnership. The day, the caur is in Californie in the haunds o a private collector.
Upon stairtin operations at his new factory in Molsheim, Bugatti refined his licht shaft-driven caur intae the Type 13 racer. This includit borin the ingine oot tae 65 mm for a total o 1.4 L (1368 cc/83 in3). A major advance wis the 4-valve head Bugatti designed — ane o the first o its type iver conceived. Pouer ootput wi dual Zenith Carburetters reached 30 hp (22 kW) at 4500 rpm, mair than adequate for the 660 lb (300 kg) caur. Leaf springs wur nou fittit aw aroond, an the caur rode on a roughly 2 m (79 in) wheelbase.
The new company produced five examples in 1910, an entered the French Grand Prix at Le Mans in 1911. The tiny Bugatti leukit oot o place at the race, but calmly teuk seicont place efter seiven oors o racin.
Warld War I caused production tae halt in the disputit region. Ettore teuk twa completit Type 13 caurs wi him tae Milan for the duration o the war, leavin the pairts for three mair buried near the factory. Efter the war, Bugatti returned, unearthed the pairts, an prepared five Type 13s for racin.
The Type 15 wis a version o the Type 13 wi a lang 2400 mm (94.5 in) wheelbase. It haed a sax-sidit radiator in front an semi-elliptic rear leaf springs.
Anither version, the Type 17, wis an aa produced. This uised a 2550 mm (100.4 in) wheelbase. It shared its hexagonal radiator an rear springs wi the Type 15.
The Type 15 wis updatit in 1913 as the Type 22. It haed a lairger roadgoin body, an oval radiator, an quarter-circle springs.
A 2-valve version o the Type 17 wi a boat-tail body wis built in 1913 as the Type 23. It an aa haed the oval radiator o the Type 22.
Type 13 Brescia
A Grand Prix for Voiturettes at Le Mans wis the anerlie French event o 1920, an Bugatti entered the twa completit caurs frae Milan an ane mair frae the remainin pairts. Ettore's illegal act o placin a haund on the radiator cap durin the race brought disqualification tae the leadin caur, housomeivver.
The Type 13 wis unbeatable. Bugatti's caurs placed 1, 2, 3, 4 at the Brescia Grand Prix in 1921, an orders poured in. Caipitalizin on this victory, aw subsequent 4-valve Bugatti models wad bear the Brescia moniker.
These wur the anerlie Bugatti models tae locate the carburettor on the left haund side o the ingine an the exhaust on the richt. Front wheel brakes wur addit in 1926.
Type 23 Brescia Tourer
Bugatti caipitalized on the racin success o the Type 13 "Brescia" wi the full-production post-war Brescia Tourer. It uised the multi-valve Brescia ingine, an 2,000 examples wur built frae 1920 through 1926, makin it the first full-production multi-valve caur iver made.
- Georgano, G. N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985)
- 1925 Bugatti Brescia Type-22 found at bottom of lake, sells for 260,500 euros - Radio France Internationale