Biratnagar (बिराटनगर) is a sub metropolitan ceety in sooth east Nepal which is named efter the historical Keeng Birat an is considered the seicont lairgest ceety efter Kathmandu. In Nepali "Birat" means big an "Nagar" means a place or a ceety. Biratnagar haes given mony influential leaders in Nepalese politics includin Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, Girija Prasad Koirala, Manmohan Adhikari an Kirtinidhi Bista. Biratnagar is an industrial pouer hoose o Nepal wi maist o the kintra's industries locatit in an aroond its suburbs. It is in Koshi Zone - ane o the fowerteen administrative zones o Nepal an is an' a' the district caipital o Morang district. Its geographical location is 26°28'60"N 87°16'60"E.
Since it is situatit in the Terai- north-maist section o the Gangetic plains o Sooth Asie, the lands are vera fertile an hence Biratnagar haes traditionally been an agricultural hub an is hame tae mony agricultur based industries o the kintra. It is locatit near the border o Indie an is therefore a major center for trade an commerce wi Indie. Biratnagar is linked wi Kathmandu bi roadways an airways. Biratnagar Airport is the regional hub for vital air services servin the Eastren pairt o the kintra.
Table o contents
Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]
The weather in Biratnagar is maistly hot. Biratnagar experiences 6 saisons,
|Saison||Span (Nepali calendar)||Span (Georgian calendar)||Characteristics|
|Basanta (Ware)||Chaitra-Baisakh||Mairch-Aprile||Aroond 25-30 degrees Celsius, vera dry an windy|
|Grishma (SImmer)||Jestha-Ashad||Mey-Juin||Vera hot, Up tae 40 degrees Celsius, farmers prepare for rice plantin|
|Barsha (Monsoon)||Shrawn-Bhadra||Julie-August||Hot, vera humid an hivy monsoon rains, Krishna Janma Asthami (Birth o Lord Krishna) celebrations|
|Sharad (Hairst)||Ashvin-Kartik||September-October||Calm temperatures, festival saison o Dashain an Tihar|
|Hemanta (Pre winter)||Mangshir-Pausha||November-December||Cauld temperatures an sometimes fog (20-10 degrees Celsius), farmers harvest the rice|
|Sishir (Winter)||Magh-Falgun||Januar-Februar||cauld temperatures an foggy weather.|
Demography[eedit | eedit soorce]
Accordin tae 2009 census, the total population o the ceety o Biratnagar wis 696,636. Biratnagar's demography chiefly consists o ethnic groups like Pahadis, Madhesis, Marwaris, Tharus an it consists a significantly lairge Muslim population in Nepal. Bi percentage o population maist fowk follae Hinduism follaed bi Islam, Buddhism, Jainism an Christianity.
Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]
The major mode o transport tae the ceety is road transport. It is well connectit tae ither pairts o the kintra through buses. Biratnagar is an aa well connectit tae Kathmandu an some hilly places bi air transport. Biratnagar airport is ane o the busiest airports in Nepal wi maist flichts tae Kathmandu.
It is an aa easy tae travel tae an frae Indie bi trains frae the borderin Indian ceety o Jogbani. There are direct trains tae the ceety o Kolkata an the Indian caipital New Delhi frae Jogbani. In 2008, a survey for a railway extension frae Indie wis done. It was completed in 2009.
The best way o gettin aroond the ceety is bi uisin cycle rickshaws. There are an aa auto rickshaws runnin short distances but they daena operate in the main mercat aurie. Actually ane can easily get aroond the ceety on fuit.
Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]
Biratnagar is no a teepical tourist ceety but is a great hub tae explore the interestin places in eastren Nepal. Housomeivver, there are mony things tae dae in the ceety. You can stroll alang the unique mercat which is alang a straight road an branches oot an savor the street fuid. You can try your luck at the newly opened casino at Hotel Ratna, <http://www.hotelratna.com/> or heid tae the smaa but bonnie Complex, wi swimmin puil an a garden (map, <http://wikimapia.org/722963/The-Complex-Lover-039-s-Paradise-By-Pankaj>).
For the fuid lovers, daena miss the tasty barbecues (cawed "sekuwa" in Nepali) an ither local delicacies or satisfy your sweet tuith wi tasty sweets in ane o mony sweet shops in the main mercat.
As a hub for your travel plans in Eastren Nepal, Biratnagar is ideal. The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, is a mere 90 minute drive frae the ceety an is famous for its wildlife, especially for bird-watchin enthusiasts. It is an aa hame tae the endangered wild buffaloes cawed "Arna" in Nepali.
The lairgest rhododendron forests o Tinjure, Milke an Jaljale can be reakit in aboot 3-4 oors. Scenic treks wi views o Mt. Makalu an Kanchenjunga can be stairtit frae the sma touns o Basantapur or Tumlingtar.
The bonnie tea gardens of Ilam is juist 4 oors drive away. Anither place o interest is the hilly district o Dhankuta wi its orange orchards.
Releegious Fare[eedit | eedit soorce]
Biratnagar is equally famous for its hie-spiritit festival celebration. In Dashain, Nepal's biggest festival, lairge number o fowk includin youths visit the Kali Mandir, a temple which lies in the hert o the toun. An aa famous is Tihar in Biratnagar, festival o lichts, when the residents line their homes wi diyo (an earthen oil lamp), candles an decorative electrical lamps durin the twa days o celebration. Krishna Astami (Birthday of Krishna) is a festival which is hivily celebratit in Biratnagar. Thoosans o fowk gather on that day tae pull the Holy Caurt (Rath) which goes aroond the ceety. This event is termed as the Rath Yatra (the Cart Journey). Traffic will be hault for ane or twa oors on that day. It is believed that the Holy Caurt (Rath) wis driven bi Lord Krishna. The Caurt (Rath) is vera big an hivy, sae it needs hunders o fowk tae move. It haes generator tae run if required tae move fast. It haes brakes tae stop as it haes tae stop at mony places tae allou fowk tae worship the Lord. Some fowk will be in the Caurt (Rath) tae distribute prasad (fruits) tae the fowk. The Holy Caurt will be follaed bi mony smawer caurts which are pulled bi oxen.
Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]
Biratnagar, being the hame an a poleetical turf tae Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, the first democratically electit Prime Meenister o Nepal, haes always been a fertile bed for emergin as well as establisht politeecians. Leaders like Man Mohan Adhikari, Sailaja Acharya, Bharatmohan Adhikari an Mahesh Acharya aw herald frae this ceety. The man who haes been electit prime meenister the maist number o times in Nepal, an in the warld, Girija Prasad Koirala an aa hails frae Biratnagar. He wis Prime Meenister o Nepal fower times, servin frae 1991 tae 1994, 1998 tae 1999, 2000 tae 2001, an frae 2006 tae 2008; he wis an aa Actin Heid o State frae Januar 2007 tae Julie 2008. Biratnagar is the poleetically maist active ceety in the modren history o Nepal. The first an the historical plane hijack which wis tae fund the poleetical revolution an aa teuk place at the Biratnagar Airport. The hijack plan masterminded bi Girija Prasad Koirala wis executit bi Durga Subedi, Nagendra Dhungel an *"Basant Bhattarai". *"Operation Ganesh out, place hijack plan in" Biratnagar an aa haed a keeng in the past whose name wis Birat. There is a historical place near tae the border o Indie whaur the remains o the palace o Birat keeng is locatit. That place lacks the protection as it is in remote aurie an lacks proper transportation.
Education[eedit | eedit soorce]
Biratnagar is the centre o education in the eastren Development Region o Nepal. Fowk in Biratnagar give mair importance tae education follaed bi business, industry an politics although Biratnagar wis poleetically vera active in the past. The teaching medium o education is Inglis in aw the private schools, colleges an universities whereas Nepali medium in government schools up tae seicontary level.
Universities an Colleges:
Purbanchal University http://www.purbuniv.edu.np
Mahendra Morang Multiple Campus, affiliated to the Tribhuvan University
Tribhuvan University Post Graduate College http://www.tribhuvan-university.edu.np
Eastern College o Ingineerin College o Software Ingineerin
Heicher Seicontary Schools an Colleges:
Arniko Heicher Seicontary School
Bal Kalyan Vidya Mandir Heicher Seicontary School
Bhanu Memorial Inglis Boardin School
Birat Science Campus
Birat College o Management
College o Business an Social Studies
Ceety College Deokota Memorial Heicher Seicontary School
Kritika Education an Health Foundation
Lord Buddha College
Manokamana Heicher Seicontary School
Mahendra Seicontary Hie School
Merryland Heicher Secondary School
Naitional Academy o Science an Commerce
Shree Gograha Heicher Seicontary School
Sooth Asian School o Tourism an Hotel Management
St. Joseph's Heicher Seicontary School
Aadarsha Vidya Mandir
Arniko Boardin School
Balmiki Seicontary Inglis Medium School
Birat Co-operative Inglis School
Budhanilkantha Inglis Boardin School
Deokota Memorial School
Don Bosco School(nilgiri)
Eden Naitional Seicontary Boardin School
Everest Inglis Boradin School
Koshi Vidya Mandir
Shree Sagarmatha Seicontary Boardin School<br-15> Shree Saraswati Madhyamik Vidyalya
Siddhartha Sishu Sadan
St. Joseph's Boardin School
Economy, Trade an Commerce[eedit | eedit soorce]
The main economy o Biratnagar comes frae business an industry. Biratnagar exports instant noodles, biscuits an garments tae Indie an some ither ceeties o Nepal. It an aa export some garments tae Unitit States an some Europen kintras. Biratnagar imports machinery, vehicles, computers, iron, steel, etc frae Indie an imports clothes, slippers, shoes, etc frae Cheenae. Biratnagr Sugar Mill an Biratnagar Jute Mill are the biggest industries o Biratnagar.
Recreation an Entertainment[eedit | eedit soorce]
Fowk o Biratnagar uisually recreate durin Hindu festivals. Durin festivals they play cards, kouda (Juwa; a local Nepali game), dice (a local game), carroms (a local game), etc. Man uisually gae oot tae drink wi friends. The common drinks are Carlsberg, Tuborg, etc in beer, an Vodka, Jack Daniels, etc in liquor. But, local alcohol cawed "raksi" prepared locally bi local fowk is vera cheap an common amang the fowk aroond the ceety. Young boys entertain in dance pairties organized in clubs, bars or hotels durin festivals although no proper discos an KTVs are in the ceety. Some school kids enjoy watchin TV an listenin tae local FM at hame.
Releegion an Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]
The major releegions o the ceety are Hinduism, Islam (Muslim), Om Santi , Sai Baba, Christianity an Buddhism. The main cultur deeply ruitit in the ceety comes frae Hinduism. They hae 4 castes an 36 sub-castes seestem wi upper, medium, lawer an lawest caste/class fowk. Untouchability still exists in huge population. There are several temples o Hindu, the famous is "kali Mandir"; several meetin places o Om Santi, ane temple o Sai Baba an unclear meetin place o Christians an Buddhists.
See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]
Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]
Twin Touns - Sister eeties
Biratnagar is twinned wi:
- Colorado, USA
- Dortmund, Germany
- Isfahan, Iran
- Johannesburg, Sooth Africae
- Lahore, Pakistan
- Minsk, Belaroushie
- Patna, Indie
- Xinxiang, Cheenae
- Yangon, Burma
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Biratnagar.|