Bayan-Ölgii Province

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Coordinates: 48°18′N 89°30′E / 48.300°N 89.500°E / 48.300; 89.500
Bayan-Ölgii aimag
Баян Өлгий аймаг
Province
Banner
Coat o airms
Kintra Mongolie
Coordinates 48°18′N 89°30′E / 48.300°N 89.500°E / 48.300; 89.500
Capital Ölgii
Area 45,704.89 km2 (17,647 sq mi)
Population 93,017 (2009)
Density 2.03 / km2 (5 / sq mi)
Founded 1940 [1]
Timezone UTC+7
Aurie code +976 (0)142
License plate БӨ_ (_variable)
ISO 3166-2 code MN-071
Wabsteid: http://www.bayan-olgii.gov.mn/

Bayan-Ölgii (Mongolian: Баян-Өлгий‎; Kazakh: Бай-Өлке, Rich cradle/region, alternately spelled Olgiy, Ulgii, etc.) is the wastmaist o the 21 aimags (provinces) o Mongolie. The aimag wis established in 1940. Its caipital is Ölgii.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aimag is locatit in the extreme wast o the kintra, an shares borders wi baith Roushie an Cheenae. The border atween the twa neeebourin kintras is vera short here, though, an ends efter aboot 40 km at the eastren end o Kazakhstan. Athin Mongolie, the neebourin aimags are Uvs in the north east an Khovd in the sootheast..

Lake Tolbo

Bayan-Ölgii is the heichest Mongolie aimag. For the maist pairt it is locatit in the Mongolie Altay, at the transition point tae the Russian Altay. Aboot 10% o the territory are covered bi forests, consistin primarily o Siberie Larch.

The Nairamdal Peak (an aw Friendship Peak, Cheenese: Youyi Feng) o the Altai Tavan Bogd (five saunts muntain) massif muntain marks the corner atween the three neebourin kintras. Aboot 2.5 km further sooth on the Mongolie-Cheenese border, the Hüiten Peak is the heichest point o Mongolie wi 4374 m. The massif includes several glaciers, such as the 19 km Potanin Glacier, an is anerlie accessible tae experiencit climbers wi local guidance.

The Khovd River (the langest in the wastren Mongolie Great Lakes Depression) haes its oreegin in this aimag. It is fed bi the three lakes Khoton, Khurgan, an Dayan, an in turn feeds the lake Khar-Us Lake in the Khovd Aimag. The Tolbo Lake is a lairge saline lake about 50 km sooth o the aimag caipital. It features clear an cauld watter on an elevation of 2080 m.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist inhabitants o Bayan-Ölgii are Kazakhs (88.7%). Smawer pairts o the population are composed o Uriankhai (7.2%), Dörvöd (1.5%),[2] Khalkha, Tuva an Khoshuud. A significant portion o the population speaks Kazakh as their mither tongue an the Mongolie leid anerlie as a seicont leid, if at all.

Efter democratization, mony inhabitants muivit tae their historical hameland, Kazakhstan, assumin they wad fynd a better futur there. The result wis a noticeable loss o population in 1991-1993, when approx. 30,000 wur repatriatit tae Kazakhstan. A noticeable number o umwhile immigrants hae been returnin, so that the population haes risen again noticeably.

Bayan-Ölgii aimag population
1956
census
1960
est.
1963
census
1969
census
1975
est.
1979
census
1981
est.
1985
est.
1989
census
1991
est.
1993
est.
1995
est.
1998
est.
2000
census
2002
est.
2004
est.
2005
est.
2008
est.
2009
est.
38,800 44,600 47,800 58,100 66,600 71,400 74,500 82,400 90,900 102,817 75,043 82,259 87,341 94,094 98,066 99,112 95,758 93,931 93,017

Culture[eedit | eedit soorce]

Landscape in Bayan-Ölgii Province.

The culture of the Kazakh majority is strongly influenced by Islamic traditions. The mosque of Ölgii also houses the Islamic Center of Mongolia. It is placed at an unusual angle within the fabric of the city, because the building was oriented exactly towards Mecca. There's also a Madrasah (Islamic school) at the same place.

The aimag is famous for the traditional hunting method using trained eagles. The animals work in a similar way as hunting falcons do. While eagles are used for hunting in other parts of the world, this area is arguably the birth place of eagle falconry[citation needit].

Traffic[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Ölgii Airport (ULG/ZMUL) haes ane unpavit runway. It affers regular flichts tae Ulaanbaatar an irregular flichts tac Almaty in Kazakhstan.

A road connectin tae Roushie starts in Tsagaannuur.

The border wi Cheenae is open anerlie for a short time in the simmer.

Naitional pairks[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Altai Tavan Bogd Naitional Pairk covers 6,362 km² an is locatit sooth o the heichest muntain o Mongolie. It includes the lakes Khoton, Khurgan, an Dayan. The protectit aurie affers a hame for mony species o alpine animal, such as the Argali sheep, Ibex, Red deer, Beech marten, Moose, Snaw cock, an Golden eagle.

The Khökh Serkhiin Nuruu Protectit Aurie (659 km²) an the Siilkhemiin Nuruu Naitional Pairk (1,428 km²) are o similar character.

The Develiin Aral Natural Reserve (103 km²) is established aroond Develiin Island at the confluence o the rivers Lsan Khooloi an Khovd. Syne 2000 it haes providit protection for various birds an animals includin pheasants, boars, an beavers.

The Tsambagarav Uul National Park includes 1,115 km² o land aroond the glaciers near the Khovd aimag an protects the snaw leopards livin there, amang ithers.

Admeenistrative subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sums o Bayan-Ölgii
The Sums o Bayan-Ölgii aimag
Sum Mongolie Sum
population
(1985)[citation needit]
Sum
population
(1994)[3]
Sum
population
(2005)[4]
Sum
population
(2008)[5]
Sum
population
(2009)[6]
Sum
centre
population
(2009)[6]
Aurie
(km²)[7]
Density
(/km²)
Distance
from

Ölgii
city(km)

Altai Алтай 3,400 3,237 3,914 3,659 3,811 973 3,163.56 1.20 112
Altantsögts Алтанцөгц 3,300 3,038 3,038 3,114 3,080 826 1,786.10 1.72 43
Bayannuur Баяннуур 4,800 4,507 5,320 5,012 5,033 1,784 2,339.50 2.15 126
Bugat Бугат 3,300 2,777 3,604 3,741 3,642 1,161 2,049.10 1.78 5
Bulgan Булган 5,000 5,115 5,901 5,827 5,528 944 4,977.33 1.11 294
Buyant Буянт 2,300 2,546 3,002 2,683 2,514 653 1,845.67 1.36 72
Delüün Дэлүүн 6,600 6,782 8,183 7,078 7,133 1,642 5,594.99 1.27 158
Nogoonnuur Ногооннуур 7,500 * 6,331 6,539 6,566 6,375 2,165 5,221.94 * 1.22 * 92
Ölgii (city) Өлгий 24,000 21,569 28,248 28,496 28,448 28,448 100.92 281.89 0
Sagsai Сагсай 4,100 3,746 5,185 5,174 5,089 1,375 3,139.99 1.62 27
Tolbo Толбо 4,100 3,746 4,260 4,076 4,136 1,067 2,974.69 1.39 76
Tsagaannuur Цагааннуур - 1,878 1,528 1,452 1,473 1,473 - - 69
Tsengel Цэнгэл 6,700 6,539 8,364 8,305 8,348 2,028 6,463.17 1.29 79
Ulaankhus Улаанхус 7,300 6,807 8,672 8,748 8,407 1,480 6,047.93 1.39 46

* - Tsagaannuur including

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Official website: Brief History
  2. Official website: Main Page
  3. http://www.reliefweb.int/library/documents/oxfamannex1-4.pdf
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named statis
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named prel_report_2008
  6. 6.0 6.1 Bayan-Ölgii Aimag Statistical Office. Annual Report 2009 (prelim.) (mong.)
  7. Bayan-Ölgii Aimag Annual Statistical Report 2008

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Provinces of Mongolia