Barysaw

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Barysaw
Барысаў
Борисов

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Coat of arms
Barysaw is located in Belarus
Barysaw
Barysaw
Location o Barysaw
Coordinates: 54°14′N 28°30′E / 54.233°N 28.500°E / 54.233; 28.500
Kintra  Belaroushie
Region Minsk Region
Raion Barysaw Raion
Foondit 1102
Population (1999)
 • Total 150,700
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) +375 01777
Website www.borisovcity.net

Barysaw (Belaroushie: Бары́саў [baˈrɨsau̯]; Roushie: Бори́сов, Borisov‎; Pols: Borysów; Lithuanie: Borisovas) (population 150,700 as o 1999), transliteratit Barysau, is a ceety in Belaroushie situatit near the Berezina River in the Minsk Region.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Barysaw is first mentioned in Laurentian Codex as being foondit (as Borisov) in 1102 bi Polotsk prince Boris Vseslavovich. Durin the next couple o centuries it wis burned and then rebuilt slichtly sooth o its oreeginal location.

At the end o thirteent century it became a pairt o the Grand Duchy o Lithuanie. In 1569 (efter the Union o Lublin) it became pairt o the Pols–Lithuanie Commonwalth, an then became pairt o the Roushie Empire in 1793 as a result of the Seicont Pairtition o Poland).

On 22 Januar 1796 the toun's coat o airms wis established (decree #17435) bi Stanislaw August, the top hauf containin the coat o airms o Minsk, while the lawer hauf haed twa stylized towers on a siller backgrund wi a passage atween them an Saunt Peter abuin the touers hauldin a key in his haund. At that time, Borisow was an uyezd toun.

In 1812 Napoleon's troops wur defeatit while crossin the Berezina river, wi some o the action takkin place at the nearbi Hospital Hichts. This event wis reenactit bi medieval militar amateurs durin toun festivals. A cannon frae the Napoleonic era is kept near toun's museum.

In 1871, the railwa atween Brest an Moscow passed near Barysaw, an a station wis built thare. In 1900 the aurie aroond the station wis annexed tae Barysaw. In November 1917 the aurie became a pairt o the Soviet Union but wis occupee'd bi Germany an then Poland frae 1918 till 1920 efter which the Belaroushie Soviet Socialist Republic wis established.

Durin Warld War II, Barysaw wis occupee'd bi Nazi Germany frae 2 Julie 1941, tae 1 Julie 1944, an maist o the ceety wis destroyed. Mair than 33,000 fowk wur killed in sax daith camps which wur constructit aroond the toun.

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

After the war Barysaw became a major industrial centre, an as o 2002 thare are 41 large factories, whose goods are exported to Russia, the CUS, and abroad. The railroad is still an important artery, but now it is powered by overhead electric lines.

Leeist o industries: Borisov Plant o Motor-and-Tractor Electric Machinery, Borisov Plant Avtogydrousilitel, Borisov Aggregate Works, the Ekran Company, Dzerzhynski Crystal Works, Borisov Plastics Plant, the 140th Repair Works, the 2566t Plant on Radioelectronics Equipment Maintenance, the Rezinotekhnika Company, Borisov Meat Packing Plant, Borisov Plant of Polymer Package Polimiz, the Belarusian-German joint venture Frebor, the Lesokhimik Company, the Metallist Company, the Paper Factory of the state emblem department under the Finance Ministry of the Republic of Belarus, the Borisovdrev Company, the Borisovkhlebprom Company, Borisov Bakery, Borisov Sewing Factory, the Shveinik Company, Kischenko Crafts Factory, Borisov Dairy, Borisov Tinned Plant, others. The total industrial staff reaches 31019 people.[1]

The lairgest factories, in nae pairticular order, are:

  • BATE (electricity automobile pairts)
  • AGU (avto-gidro-usilitelpouer steerin in Roushie)
  • Pharmaceutical plant (medpreparatov)
  • Turbocompressors plant (agregatov)
  • match factory (Borisovdrev)
  • BoriMak (factory producin pasta, spaghetti)
  • Zdravushka (Dairy products)
  • Rezinotechnika (Rubber factory)
  • Meat processin factory
  • DOC (Firth products manufactury)

Modren livin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Monument tae Prince Boris Vseslavovich in front o an Orthodox kirk
Prospect Revolutsii

Toun is dividit bi river tae Auld an New pairts connectit bi twa brigs. Railwey station, internaition road, Ispolkom (ex-KPSS Gorispolkom), militar staff an central place are in the New pairt. As uisual for this region, faimilies live maistly in flats in lairge, modren apairtment biggins, but thare are some single-faimily hames on the ootskirts, some o which dae no yet hae indoor plumbin. The watter comes frae an artesian well an is vera clean an healthy.

Authorities[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Preses o the Republic o Belaroushie Alexander Lukashenko 9 Januar 2009 haes assigned Vladimir Miranovich tae the position o Heid o Regional Admeenistration (Ispolkom).[2]
  • Heid o Ceety Admeenistration, or Mayor, is Vassily Burgun [3]

Media[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • “Borisovskiye Novosti” newspaper: privately awned unthrild media on baith leids. A recent scandal relatit to an attempt bi the Mayor tae stop distribution o the paper, recently owerturned bi a court [4]
  • Offeecial “Adzinstva” newspaper in Belarussian.
  • Local TV company "Skif" (website)

Notable residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main sport steids: 2 stadiums, 3 swimmin puils, 14 shuitin galleries, 8 sportsgrunds

Fitbaa team FC BATE are based in the ceety. They have wan the Belaroushie Premier League aicht times, an competit in the UEFA Cup an UEFA Champions League. Thare is a famous basketbaw team Berezina-RCOR an aw. European basketbaw championship for weemen (diveesion B) wis organisit in Borisov.

Football Stadium BATE

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Minsk Voblast