Banner o Turkmenistan
It features a green field wi a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containin five carpet guls (designs uised in producin rugs) stackt abuin twa crossed olive branches similar tae those on the banner o the Unitit Naitions; a white waxin crescent moon, typical o Turkic seembology, an five white five-pointit stars appear in the upper corner o the field juist tae the fly side o the red stripe.
The green an red colors appear in this banner because they hae been veneratit historically bi the Turkmen. The waxin crescent moon symbolizes the hope o the kintra for a shinin future an the stars represent the five provinces (welayatlar) o Turkmenistan – Ahal, Balkan, Dashhowuz, Lebap, an Mary.
The five traditional carpet designs alang the hoist represent the five major tribes or hooses, an form motifs in the kintra's state emblem an banner. These Turkmen tribes in traditional order (as well as top tae bottom) are Teke (Tekke), Yomut (Yomud), Arsary (Ersary), Chowdur (Choudur), an Saryk (Saryq). The Salyr (Salor), a tribe that declined as a result o military defeat afore the modern period, are no representit, nor are several smawer tribes or subtribes.
The wreath is ane o the odder parts o the banner, addit against the rules o heraldry an breakin up the carpet pattern. It wis addit as an efterthought tae represent the "status o permanent neutrality," which wis acceptit bi the United Naitions General Assembly on December 12, 1995.
Afore independence frae the Soviet Union in 1991, Turkmenistan haed a banner similar tae aw ither Soviet Republics; see Banner o the Turkmen SSR. Efter independence in 1991, Turkmenistan adoptit a flag vera similar tae the current design, on Februar 19, 1992. Houever, the designs on the left wur different. In 1997, the designs changed again afore becomin the current versions in 2001.