Banner o Turkey
The banner o Turkey (Turkis: Türk bayrağı) is a red banner wi a white crescent muin an a starn in its centre. The banner is cried Ay Yıldız (literally, muin starn.) or Albayrak (Red banner). The Turkis banner is referred tae as Alsancak (Red banner) in the Turkish Naitional Anthem.
The banner haes a complex oreegin since it is an ancient design, an uises the same seembols o the late banner o the Ottoman Empire which wur adoptit in 1844 wi the Tanzimat reforms; though the shape, placement an shade o the colour vary. The geometric proportions o the banner wur legally staundartised wi the Turkish Flag Law in 1936. The shade o red uised in the banner is approximatit bi RGB (227, 10, 23).
- Main airticle: Ottoman banner
The current design o the Turkish banner is directly derived frae the late Ottoman banner, which haed acquired its final form in 1844. It is kent that the Ottomans uised red banners o triangular shape at least since 1383, which came tae be rectangular ower the course o history.
Ottomans uised several different designs, maist o them featurin ane or mair crescents, for different purposes, such as the banner wi green backgrund signifyin the caliphate. Durin the late imperial period, the distinctive uise o the color red for secular an green for releegious institutions became an establisht practice. In 1844, the aicht-pointit starn wis replaced wi a five-pointit starn an the banner reached the form o the present Turkish banner; Red wis the colour o Umar I, the Caliph who ruled frae AD 634 tae 644 an wis kent as a great consolidator o the Islamic Empire. In the 14t century red became the colour o the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Banner's crescent muin wis thicker than its current design.
The oreegin o the banner is the subject o various legends in the kintra, some contradictin the historical knowledge aboot the Ottoman Banner.