Banner o Poland
The banner o Poland consists o twa horizontal stripes o equal width, the upper ane white an the lawer ane red. The twa colors are defined in the Polish constitution as the naitional colors. A variant o the banner wi the naitional coat o airms in the middle o the white stripe is legally reserved for offeecial uise abroad an at sea. A similar banner wi the addition o a swallow-tail is uised as the naval ensign o Poland.
White an red wur offeecially adoptit as naitional colors in 1831. They are o heraldic oreegin an derive frae the tinctures (colors) o the coats o airms of the twa constituent naitions o the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, i.e. the White Eagle o Poland an the Pursuer (Lithuanie: Vytis, Pols: Pogoń) o Lithuanie, a white knight ridin a white horse, baith on a red shield. Prior tae that, Polish sodgers wore cockades o various color combinations. The naitional banner wis offeecially adoptit in 1919. Syne 2004, Pols Banner Day is celebratit on Mey 2.
The banner is flown continuously on the biggins o the heichest naitional authorities, such as the parliament an the presidential palace. Ither institutions an mony Polish fowk fly the naitional banner on naitional holidays an ither special occasions o naitional significance. Current Polish law does no restrict the uise o the naitional banner athoot the coat o airms as lang as the banner is no disrespectit.
Horizontal bicolor of white and red being a relatively widespread design, there are several flags that are similar but unrelatit tae the Polish ane, maist notably those o Bohemie in the Czech Republic an Tyrol in Austrick, an twa naitional banners wi the red stripe abuin the white ane: those o Indonesie an Monaco. In Poland, mony banners based on the naitional design an aa feature the naitional colors.