Banner o Finland

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FIAV 100100.svg Naitional banner. Ratio: 11:18

The banner o Finland (Finnish: Suomen lippu‎, Swadish: Finlands flagga‎), an aa cried Siniristilippu ("Blue Cross Banner"), dates frae the beginnin o the 20t century. On a white backgrund, it features a blue Nordic cross, which represents Christianity.[1][2][3] The state banner haes a coat of arms in the centre, but is otherwise identical to the civil flag. The swallow-tailed state banner is uised bi the military. The presidential staundart is identical tae the swallae-tailed state banner but an aa haes in its upper left corner the Cross o Liberty efter the Order o the Cross o Liberty, which haes the Preses o Finland as its Grand Maister. Like Swaden's, Finland's naitional banner is based on the Scandinavian cross. It wis adoptit efter unthirldom frae Roushie, when mony patriotic Finns wantit a special banner for their kintra, but its design dates back tae the 19t century. The blue colorin is said tae represent the kintra's thoosans o lakes an the sky, wi white for the snaw that covers the land in winter. This color combination haes an aa been uised ower the centuries in various Finnish provincial, military, an toun banners.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The current blue-crossed design wis first uised in Finland bi Nyländska Jaktklubben, a yacht club foondit in Helsinki in 1861. In addition tae the blue cross on the white backgrund, the yacht club banner haed the crouned airms o the province o Uusimaa athin twa crossed branches in the upper hoist quarter. Except for the position of the cross, the banner wis similar tae the banner o the St. Petersburg Yacht Club, foondit the previous year. The design can be traced tae the Roushie Navy ensign, which haes a blue cross saltire on a white backgrund.

Shortly efter Finland gained unthirldom in 1917, a competition wis held for the design o the Finnish banner. Several different designs wur submittit. Regardin the colours, the entries fell mainly intae twa categories - ane uisin the red an yellae frae the Finnish coat o airms, an the ither uisin the present blue an white colours.

Ane entry haed the Dannebrog cross design, but wi a yellae cross on a red backgrund. Anither entry haed diagonal blue an white stripes, but it wis criticized as being mair suitable for a barber shop than a newly-independent kintra.

Ither banners[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Jeroen Temperman. "State Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law". Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Retrieved 2007-12-31. "Many predominantly Christian states show a cross, symbolising Christainity, on their national flag. Scandinavian crosses or Nordic crosses on the flags of the Nordic countries–Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden–also represent Christianity." 
  2. Carol A. Foley. "The Australian Flag: Colonial Relic or Contemporary Icon". William Gaunt & Sons. Retrieved 2007-12-31. "The Christian cross, for instance, is one of the oldest and most widely used symbols in the world, and many European countries, such as the United Kingdom, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Iceland, Greece and Switzerland, adopted and currently retain the Christian cross on their national flags." 
  3. Andrew Evans. "Iceland". Bradt. Retrieved 2007-12-31. "Legend states that a red cloth with the white cross simply fell from the sky in the middle of the 13-century Battle of Valdemar, after which the Danes were victorious. As a badge of divine right, Denmark flew its cross in the other Scandinavian countries it ruled and as each nation gained independence, they incorporated the Christian symbol."