Babur

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Babur
figure 1 of Babur
Babur idealisiert.jpg
A portrait o Babur, frae an early illustratit manuscript o the Baburnama
1st Mughal Emperor
Reign 30 Aprile 1526 – 26 December 1530
Successor Humayun
Spouse Aisha Sultan Begum
Zaynab Sultan Begum
Masuma Sultan Begum
Maham Begum
Dildar Agha Begum
Gulnar Aghacha
Gulrukh Begum
Mubarika Yousefzai
Nargul Aghacha
Saliha Sultan Begum
Issue
Humayun, son
Kamran Mirza, son
Askarī Mirzā, son
Hindal Mirzā, son
Fakhr-un-Nissa, dauchter
Gulrang Begum, dauchter
Gulbadan Begum, dauchter
Gulchehra Begum, dauchter
Altun Bishik, alleged son
Full name
Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur
Hoose Timurid
Father Umar Shaikh Mirza II, ʿAmīr o Farghana
Mother Qutlugh Nigar Khanum
Born 14 Februar 1483(1483-02-14)
Andijan, Mughalistan
Died 26 December 1530(1530-12-26) (agit 47)
Agra, Mughal Empire
Burial Kabul, Afghanistan
Religion Islam

Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur (14 Februar 1483 – 26 December 1530; sometimes an aa spelt Baber or Babar) wis a conqueror frae Central Asie who, follaein a series o setbacks, finally succeedit in layin the basis for the Mughal dynasty in the Indian Subcontinent an acame the first Mughal emperor. He wis a direct descendant o Timur, frae the Barlas clan, through his faither, an a descendant an aa o Genghis Khan through his mither. Culturally, he wis greatly influenced bi the Persie cultur an this affectit baith his ain actions an those o his successors, givin rise tae a signeeficant expansion o the Persianate ethos in the Indian subcontinent.[1][2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. F. Lehmann: Ẓahīr-al-Dīn Moḥammad Bābor. In Encyclopaedia Iranica. Online Ed. December 1988 (updated August 2011). "BĀBOR, ẒAHĪR-AL-DĪN MOḤAMMAD (6 Moḥarram 886-6 Jomādā I 937/14 February 1483-26 December 1530), Timurid prince, military genius, and literary craftsman who escaped the bloody political arena of his Central Asian birthplace to found the Mughal Empire in India. His origin, milieu, training, and education were steeped in Persian culture and so Bābor was largely responsible for the fostering of this culture by his descendants, the Mughals of India, and for the expansion of Persian cultural influence in the Indian subcontinent, with brilliant literary, artistic, and historiographical results."
  2. Robert L. Canfield, Robert L. (1991). Turko-Persia in historical perspective, Cambridge University Press, p.20. "The Mughals-Persianized Turks who invaded from Central Asia and claimed descent from both Timur and Genghis – strengthened the Persianate culture of Muslim India".