Azur Draigon

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Azur Draigon
Wadang-qinglong.jpg
Depiction o the Qīng Lóng on a tile
Chinese name
Traditional Cheenese 青龍
Simplifee'd Cheenese 青龙
Vietnamese name
Quốc ngữ Thanh Long
Korean name
Hangul 청룡
Japanese name
Kanji 青竜
Hiragana せいりゅう

The Azur Draigon is ane o the Fower Seembols o the Cheenese constellations. It represents the east an the ware saison. It shoud no be ramfeeselt wi the meethological yellae dragon that is associatit wi the Emperor o Cheenae. It is referred tae in media, feng shui, ither culturs, an in various venues as the Green Dragon an the Avalon Dragon an aw.[1]

It is kent as Qinglong in Cheenese, Seiryū in Japanese, Cheongnyong in Korean, an Thanh Long in Vietnamese. It is sometimes cried the Azur Draigon o the East (simplified Cheenese: 东方青龙; tradeetional Cheenese: 東方青龍; pinyin: Dōng Fāng Qīng Lóng, or sometimes simplified Cheenese: 东方苍龙; tradeetional Cheenese: 東方蒼龍; pinyin: Dōng Fāng Cāng Lóng).

The Seiven Mansions o the Azur Draigon[eedit | eedit soorce]

As the ither three Seembols, thare are seiven "mansions", or positions, o the muin athin Azur Dragon. The names an determinative starns are:[2][3]

Mansion no. Name (pinyin) Translation Determinative starn
1 角 (Jiăo) Horn α Vir
2 亢 (Kàng) Neck κ Vir
3 氐 (Dĭ) Root α Lib
4 房 (Fáng) Room π Sco
5 心 (Xīn) Heart σ Sco
6 尾 (Wěi) Tail μ Sco
7 箕 (Jī) Winnowing Basket γ Sgr

Oreegin[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the novel Shuo Tang Yanyi (Tales o Tang Dynasty), the White Teeger's starn is reincarnatit as General Luo Cheng (羅成 / 罗成), who servit Li Shimin. The Azur Draigon's Starn is reincarnatit as General Shan Xiongxin (單雄信 / 单雄信), who served Wang Shichong. The twa generals are sworn brithers o Qin Shubao (秦叔寶 / 秦叔宝), Cheng Zhijie (程知節 / 程知节) & Yuchi Jingde (尉遲敬德 / 尉迟敬德). Efter daith, their souls are said tae possess heroes o the Tang & Liao dynasties, such as Xue Rengui (薛仁貴 / 薛仁贵) & He Suwen (郃苏文).

In ither legends, the Tang Dynasty general Xue Rengui is said tae be the reincarnation o the White Tiger's Starn. While his airchenemy, General He Suwen o the Liao Dynasty is said tae be the reincarnation o the Azur Draigons Starn.

As an example, the Azur Draigon is representit on the tomb o Wang Hui (stane coffin, east side), Hsi-k'ang (extension o Szechwan during Han), Lu-shan. A Cheenese rubbin o this wis collectit bi David Crockett Graham an is in the Field Museum of Natural History.[4][5]

Influence[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Japan, the Azur Draigon is ane o the fower guardian spirits o ceeties an is said tae protect the ceety o Kyoto on the east. The wast is protectit bi the White Tiger, the north is protectit bi the Black Tortoise, the sooth is protectit bi the Vermilion Bird, an the center is protectit bi the Yellae Dragon. In Kyoto thare are temples dedicatit tae each o these guardian spirits. The Azur Draigon is representit in the Kiyomizu Temple in eastren Kyoto. Afore the entrance o the temple thare is a statue o the dragon which is said tae drink frae the watterfaw athin the temple complex at nichttime. Tharefore each year a ceremony is held tae worship the dragon o the east. In 1983, the Kitora Tomb wis foond in the veelage o Asuka. Aw fower guardians wur paintit on the waws (in the correspondin directions) an a seestem o the constellations wis paintit on the ceilin. This is ane o the few auncient records o the fower guardians.

In Korea, the murals o the Goguryeo Tombs foond at Uhyon-ni in Pyongannam-do featurs the Azur Draigon an the ither meethological creaturs o the fower seembols.[6]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Lee, Ki-Baik; Wagner, Edward W. (1984). A new history of Korea (Translated ed.). Cambridge / Seoul: Harvard University Press / Ilchokak. ISBN 978-0-674-61576-2. 
  2. "The Chinese Sky". International Dunhuang Project. Retrieved 2011-06-25. 
  3. Sun, Xiaochun (1997). Helaine Selin, ed. Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 517. ISBN 0-7923-4066-3 (HB) Check |isbn= value (help). Retrieved 2011-06-25. 
  4. Starr, Kenneth (December, 1957). "Gift of Chinese Rubbings goes on Special Exhibition". Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin (Field Museum of Natural History): 4–5. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 
  5. Walravens, Hartmut; Hoshien Tchen, Kenneth Starr, and Alice K. Schneider (1981). Catalogue of Chinese Rubbings from Field Museum. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History. OCLC 185544225. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  6. Lee, Ki-Baik; Wagner, Edward W. (1984). A new history of Korea (Translated ed.). Cambridge / Seoul: Harvard University Press / Ilchokak. ISBN 978-0-674-61576-2. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]