Austin 10

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Austin Ten 4-Door Saloon
Austin 10/4 Open Road Tourer 1933
Austin 10/4 Lichfield 4-Door Saloon 1935
Austin Ten Cambridge 4-Door Saloon 1938
1946 Austin 10 GS 1 (saloon)

The Austin 10 wis a sma caur made bi the Austin Motor Company. It wis launched in 1932 an wis Austin's best sellin caur in the 1930s an continued in production, wi upgrades, until 1947. It fittit in between the "baby" Austin 7 which haed been introduced in 1922 an the Austin 12 hp which haed been updatit in 1931.

The design o the caur wis conservative wi a pressed steel body built on a cross braced chassis. The chassis wis bocht in an wis designed tae give a law overall height tae the caur bi dippin doun bi 2.75 inches (70 mm) atween the axles. The 1125-cc fower-cylinder side-valve ingine producin 21 bhp (16 kW) drove the rear wheels through a fower-speed gearbox an open drive shaft tae a live rear axle. Suspension wis bi half-elliptic springs all roond an the brakes wur cable operated. The electrical system wis 6 volt. For the first year only, a fower-door saloon wis made in twa versions. The basic model cost £155 an wis capable o reaching 55 mph (89 km/h) wi an economy o 34 mpg; it wis rapidly followed bi the Sunshine or De-Luxe wi openin roof an leather upholstery at £168.

1933 saw the saloons joined bi an open twa-seater or "Open Road" tourer, a "Colwyn" cabriolet an a van. A sports model, the 65 mph (105 km/h), 30 bhp (22 kW) "Ripley" joined the range in 1934. Mechanical upgrades for 1934 included a stranger chassis, synchromesh on the tap twa gears an 12-volt electrics.

The first stylin change came in late 1934 wi a change tae the radiator when the plated surroond or cowl wis replaced bi ane paintit in body colour an it wis given a slight slope. Synchromesh wis addit tae seicont gear an "semaphore" type indicators wur standardised. The saloon wis given the name "Lichfield" an got a protrudin boot which enclosed the spare wheel.

A new body style wis addit in 1936 wi the sax licht (three windows doun each side, wi ane ahind the rear door) "Sherbourne" but the big change came in 1937 wi the almaist streamlined "Cambridge" saloon an "Conway" cabriolet. Ither changes includit Girling rod brakes, 16-inch steel disc wheels replaced the 19-inch wires an mair room for passengers bi movin the ingine forwards bi 4 inches (100 mm). Tap speed rose tae 60 mph (97 km/h). These changes did no appear on the open caurs, which nae langer includit the Ripley sports, till 1938 when aw caurs also gained an aluminium cylinder head on the ingine.

A virtually new caur wis launched in 1939 wi the body shell incorporatin the floor tae give a semi-unitary structure. The caur wis completely restyled bi Argentine born Ricardo "Dick" Burzi who haed joined Austin frae Lancia in 1929. The bonnet wis hinged at the rear, replacin the side-openin type on the auld caur an the radiator grille became roondit an there wis nae cabriolet. Despite the ootbreak o Warld War II, production o the Austin 10 continued in lairge numbers; there wur nae tourers but there wis a pick-up. In all durin the war, 53,000 o the saloons, pick-ups an vans, the last twa unofficially kent as "Tillies", wur made.

Wi peace in 1945, a chynge wis immediately makkit tae civilian production but acause o the post-war financial crisis the caurs wur nearly all exportit, wi the first ane arrivin in the Unitit States in Julie 1945. In September 1945 the first passenger caurs produced efter the war's end tae arrive in Swisserland were twa Austin 10s exported frae Ingland.[1]

The car continued in production in saloon form ainlie until October 1947 to be replaced bi the A40. The van an aa re-appeared post-war wi a slightly lairger 1237-cc ingine.

Military operators[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • "Austin's Top Ten". Jonathan Wood. The Automobile May 1999.
  1. Gloor, Roger (1. Auflage 2007). Alle Autos der 50er Jahre 1945 - 1960. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-613-02808-1. 

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]