Assassination attempt on Ronald Reagan

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The moments that leadit to the assassination attempt, 1981

The Assassination attempt on Ronald Reagan happenit on Monday, 30 Mairch, 1981. 69 days after becomin Preses, Ronald Reagan was leaving after a speaking engagement at the Washington Hilton Hotel in Washington, D.C..[1] Shots were firit bi John Hinckley, Jr. as he left to enter the presestial limo. The assassination attempt startit concern about gun control.

Ronald Reagan wis shot in the chest an in the lower right arm. He sufferit a puncturit lung and heavy internal bleedin, but prompt medical attention allowit him to recover quickly. No formal invocation o succession took place, although Unitit States Secretar o State Alexander Haig controversially statit that he wis "in control here" while Vice Preses George H. W. Bush returnit to Washington.

Nobody wis killit in the attack, though Press Secretar James Brady wis left paralyzit an permanently disablit. Hinckley wis found not guilty bi reason o insanity and remains confinit to a psychiatric facility.

Assassination attempt[eedit | eedit soorce]

The "Preses's Walk" area where Reagan wis shot

At 2:27 pm, Reagan exitit the hotel through "Preses's Walk" and its K Street NW exit toward his waitin limousine. Hinckley waitit within the crowd o civilians. While the Secret Service blockit those attendin the preses's speech, in a "colossal mistake" the agency allowit an unsearchit group to stand within o him, behind a rope line.

Unexpectedly, Reagan passit right in front of Hinckley. Believin he would never get a better chance, Hinckley firit a Röhm RG-14 .22 long rifle[2] blue steel revolver six times in 1.7 seconds.[3]

Five out o the six shots missit the preses.[4] The first bullet hit White House Press Secretar James Brady in the head. The second bullet hit District of Columbia police officer Thomas Delahanty in the back o his neck as he turnit to protect Reagan.[5][6][7] Hinckley now had a clear shot at the preses, but the third bullet overshot him and hit the window o a buildin across the street.

As Special Agent In Charge Jerry Parr quickly pushit Reagan into the limousine, the fourth bullet hit Secret Service agent Timothy McCarthy in the abdomen[5][6] as he spread his body over Reagan to make himself a target. The fifth bullet hit the bullet-resistant glass o the window on the open side door o the limousine. The sixth and final bullet ricochetit off the armorit side o the limousine and hit the preses in his left underarm, grazin a rib and lodgin in his lung, stoppin nearly 1 inch (25mm) frae his heart. Parr's prompt reaction savit Reagan frae being hit in the head.

After the shootin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Alexander Haig at the press conference during the shooting

Reagan got a puncturit lung and heavy internal bleedin. He got medical attention quickly.[8] No formal transfer of presestial power took place, although Secretary of State Alexander Haig statit that he wis "in control here" while Vice Preses George H. W. Bush returnit to Washington.

Controversy[eedit | eedit soorce]

There wis a controversy at the White House when Reagan wis at the hospital. At a press conference, Alexander Haig spoke to reports and said the he was "in charge" because o the order of succession.

The shooter, John Hinckley, Jr.

Bush wis out o Washington and he thought that as the Unitit States Secretar o State he wis to succeit, but in reality, Speaker o the Unitit States House o Representatives Tip O'Neill wis to succeit Reagan and Bush to be in charge. Haig wis angry about his mistake as did O'Neill. This feud left Haig to resign about a year later.

Hinckley's motivation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The shooter wis 30-year old John Hinckley, Jr.. Hinckley said that he wantit to shoot Preses Reagan to impress actress Jodie Foster.[9] He plannit the assassination after he saw the film Taxi Driver and there wis a scene similar to the event.[10]

Hinckley decideit to copy DeNiro's character in the film. He began to stalk Preses Jimmy Carter. He wis surprisit at how easy it wis to get close to the preses—only one foot away at one event. He wis arrestit in October 1980 at Nashville International Airport for illegal possession of firearms. Even though Carter made a campaign stop there, the Federal Bureau of Investigation did not connect this arrest to the Preses and did not tell the Unitit States Secret Service.[11]

He wrote three or four more notes to Foster in early Mairch 1981. Foster gave these notes to her dean, who gave them to the Yale police department. After this, the police wantit to find Hinckley, but failit.[12][13] Hinckley soon movit to Washington, D.C. to carry-out his assassination plan.

Aftermath[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ronald and Nancy Reagan at the White House in the aftermath of the shootin
James Brady in 2006

Nobody wis killit in the attack. Press Secretar James Brady wis left paralyzit and permanently disablit. Brady deit in August 2014. Hinckley wis found not guilty bi reason o insanity. He is in a psychiatric facility.

Reagan wis the first servin U.S. Preses to survive bein shot in an assassination attempt. The members o his staff were anxious for the preses to appear to be recoverin quickly, and the mornin after his operation he saw visitors and signit a piece of legislation. Reagan left the hospital on the 13th day. He wis able to travel outside of Washington 49 days later.

Before the shootin, Reagan had the lowest approval ratins than any other preses durin his first term in office. After the shootin, Reagan's approval ratins rose. The assassination attempt boostit his popularity and some may say that it helpit him win his re-election campaign in 1984.

Hinckley trial[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hinckley wis found not guilty bi reason o insanity on 21 Juin 1982. The defense psychiatric reports had found him to be insane[14] while the prosecution reports declarit him legally sane.[15][16]

Followin his lawyers' advice, he declinit to take the stand in his own defense.[17] Hinckley wis confinit at St. Elizabeths Hospital in Washington, D.C., where he is still bein held.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Wapshott, Nicholas (2007). Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher: A Political Marriage. New York, NY: Sentinel. p. 167. ISBN 978-1-101-21787-0. 
  2. Schlager, D.; Johnson, T.; McFall, R. (1996). "Safety of Imaging Exploding Bullets With Ultrasound". Annals of Emergency Medicine 28 (2): 183–187. doi:10.1016/S0196-0644(96)70060-4. PMID 8759583. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  3. The President is Shot by Denise Noe. Crime Library. Courtroom Television Network, LLC. Retrieved 27 Februar 2007.
  4. Wilentz, Sean (2008). The Age of Reagan: A History, 1974–2008. New York: HarperCollins. p. 142. ISBN 978-0-06-074480-9. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Feaver, Douglas. "Three men shot at the side of their President", The Washington Post, 31 Mairch 1981.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Hunter, Marjorie. "2 in Reagan security detail are wounded outside hotel", New York Times, 31 Mairch 1981.
  7. Fears of Explosive Bullet Force Surgery on Officer, by Charles R. Babcock, The Washington Post, 3 Aprile 1981.
  8. "Remembering the Assassination Attempt on Ronald Reagan". Larry King Live, 30 Mairch 2001.
  9. "The Insanity Defense, Post-Hinckley". New York Times.com. Retrieved 12 Februar 2014. 
  10. Taxi Driver bi Denise Noe. Crime Library. Courtroom Television Network, LLC. Retrieved 27 Februar 2007.
  11. Lyons, Richard D. (3 Aprile 1981). "F.B.I. Notice On Hinckley Arrest At Issue". The New York Times. 
  12. Teen-age Actress Says Notes Sent by Suspect Did Not Hint Violence, Matthew L. Wald, New York Times, 2 Aprile 1981. Retrieved 28 Februar 2007.
  13. Yale Police Searched For Suspect Weeks Before Reagan Was Shot, Matthew L. Wald, New York Times, 5 Aprile 1981. Retrieved 28 Februar 2007.
  14. Psychologist Says Hinckley's Tests Similar to Those o the Severely Ill, bi Laura A. Kiernan, The Washington Post, 21 Mey 1982. Retrieved 3 Mairch 2007.
  15. John Hinckley's Acts Describit as Unreasonable but Not Insane, bi Laura A. Kiernan, The Washington Post, 11 Juine 1982. Retrieved 3 Mairch 2007.
  16. Hinckley Able to Abide bi Law, Doctor Says, bi Laura A. Kiernan, The Washington Post, 5 Juin 1982. Retrieved 3 Mairch 2007.
  17. John Hinckley Declines to Take the Stand, bi Laura A. Kiernan, The Washington Post, 3 Juin 1982. Retrieved 3 Mairch 2007.

Ither wabsteids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Reagan assassination attempt at Wikimedie Commons