Arbil

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Arbil
Kurdish: ھەولێر Arabic: أربيلAramaic: ܐܪܒܝܠ Turkis: Erbil
Arbil is located in Iraq
Arbil
Arbil
Erbil in Iraq
Coordinates: 36°11′28″N 44°0′33″E / 36.19111°N 44.00917°E / 36.19111; 44.00917
Kintra  Iraq
Autonomous region  Kurdistan[1]
Province Arbil
Settled 9000 BC
Government
 • Govrenor Nawzad Hadi
Population (2009 est.)
 • Total 1,293,839

Erbil (Hewlêr in Roman-alphabet Kurdish) (written Arbil, or Irbil an aw) (Akkadian: Arba-ilu; Arabic: اربيلArbīl; Kurdish: ھەولێر Hewlêr; Sumerian: Urbilum; Syriac-Aramaic: ܐܪܒܝܠ Arbaelo) is, wi a population o approximately 1.3 million (2009), the fowert lairgest ceety in Iraq efter Baghdad, Basra an Mosul.[2] It is locatit 80 kilometres (50 miles) east o Mosul, an is the caipital o Iraqi Kurdistan.

Urban life at Erbil can be datit back tae at least 6000 BC,[3][4] an it is ane o the auldest continuously inhabitit ceeties in the warld.[3][4] At the hert o the ceety is the auncient Citadel o Arbil. The Hurrians wur the first tae establish Urbilum an expand their rule tae the rest o northren Mesopotamie. The ceety haes syne been unner the rule o mony regional pouers, includin the Assiries, the Babylonies, Kurds unner the rules o Persies, the Greeks, the Arabs, an the Seljuk an Ottoman Turks. Erbil's airchaeological museum hooses a lairge collection o pre-Islamic airtifacts, an is a center for airchaeological projects in the aurie.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Kurdistan Regional Government". KRG. Retrieved 2012-05-21. 
  2. "Largest Cities in Iraq". mongabay.com. 2002-01-01. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Czech archaeologists uncover Stone Age tools in Erbil, Iraq". Radio Prague. 2010-03-17. Retrieved 08-12-2010. 
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named UN
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ReferenceA

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]