Arauca, Arauca

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Arauca

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Location o the municipality an toun o Arauca in the Arauca Depairtment
Arauca, Arauca is located in Colombia
Arauca
Arauca
Location in Colombie
Coordinates: 7°5′26″N 70°45′42″W / 7.09056°N 70.76167°W / 7.09056; -70.76167
Kintra Flag of Colombia.svg Colombie
Depairtment Arauca
Foondit 1780
Government
 • Mayor Luis Emilio Bello Tovar
Area
 • Total 5,841 km2 (2,255 sq mi)
Elevation 125 m (410 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 73,049
 • Density 13/km2 (32/sq mi)
Postcode 810001-9
Area code(s) 57 + 8
Website Offeecial wabsteid (Spainyie)

Arauca is a municipality an Caipital ceety o the depairtment o Arauca o Colombie. Its full name is Villa de Santa Bárbara de Arauca, it is locatit at N 07° 05′ 25″ - W 70° 45′ 42″. The Municipality o Arauca haes a total population o 82,149 (2005 census).[2]

Sunset in Río Arauca
Embraer 170 jet o the Satena fleet, durin loadin in the Santiago Pérez Quiroz Airport

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Arauca region wis splored bi the German conquistador Jorge de la Espira, aka Georg von Speyer, in 1536. These early Spainyie did no stay acause they wur on the quest for El Dorado. But later they wur follaeed bi Jesuits an laund-grantees who foondit the first dounsets.

Arauca wis foondit on 4 Dizember 1780, bi Juan Isidro Daboín on the steid o an indigenous hamlet o aboot ten faimilies cried Guahibo. Arauca wis namit efter the Arauca River which nou separates it frae Venezuela, which river in turn wis namit for the indigenous fowk the Arauca. The aurie is flat an subject tae frequent floodin frae the river.

At ane point it wis the caipital o the New Granada Province o Casanare which wis hintle lairger than the current Department of Casanare. In addition, the Villa de Santa Bárbara de Arauca, haes been:

  • Caipital o the Republic, unner the revolutionar govrenment, constitutit 16 Julie 1816;
  • Caipital o the Polis Destrict (Comisaría especial) syne 1911;
  • Caipital o the Province (Intendencia Nacional) o Arauca, 1955–1991;
  • Ile caipital o Colombiea syne 1986;
  • Caipital o the Depairtment o Arauca syne 1991.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate data for Arauca
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 36.8
(98.2)
38.4
(101.1)
39.2
(102.6)
39.3
(102.7)
38.4
(101.1)
36.6
(97.9)
34.6
(94.3)
35.4
(95.7)
36.4
(97.5)
36.3
(97.3)
36.4
(97.5)
35.8
(96.4)
39.2
(102.6)
Average heich °C (°F) 32.7
(90.9)
34.2
(93.6)
34.4
(93.9)
33.3
(91.9)
30.5
(86.9)
29.9
(85.8)
29.4
(84.9)
30.3
(86.5)
31.2
(88.2)
31.6
(88.9)
31.4
(88.5)
31.4
(88.5)
31.69
(89.05)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.2
(81.0)
28.3
(82.9)
28.6
(83.5)
27.6
(81.7)
26.4
(79.5)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
26.6
(79.9)
26.8
(80.2)
26.7
(80.1)
26.81
(80.25)
Average laich °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
20.5
(68.9)
21.4
(70.5)
22.3
(72.1)
22.3
(72.1)
22.1
(71.8)
22.1
(71.8)
22.1
(71.8)
22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
21.3
(70.3)
21.73
(71.12)
Record laich °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
15.2
(59.4)
16.3
(61.3)
17.3
(63.1)
18.0
(64.4)
17.5
(63.5)
18.0
(64.4)
17.6
(63.7)
18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
15.2
(59.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 13.0
(0.512)
12.0
(0.472)
39.7
(1.563)
130.9
(5.154)
224.1
(8.823)
313.7
(12.35)
304.7
(11.996)
234.2
(9.22)
204.3
(8.043)
186.7
(7.35)
110.1
(4.335)
24.6
(0.969)
1,798
(70.79)
Avg. precipitation days 1 2 4 11 16 21 20 19 14 13 9 4 134
Mean monthly sunshine hours 270.2 223.8 208.6 155.1 152.8 133.4 140.5 153.7 178.7 194.0 205.5 243.2 2,259.5
Source: Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales [3]

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Syne its foondin, Arauca’s primar business haes been the raisin o cattle, an this is still true. But increasingly, syne 1984 it is the sploitation o nearbi petroleum (ile sands) that haes providit the bulk o municipal income in recent years. The biggin o the brig, Puente José Antonio Páez, connectin it wi Venezuela stimulatit the economie, as did completion o the heich-gate tae Bogotá, kent as The Route o the Leeberators (La Ruta de los Libertadores). Arauca is nou on the main surface route aetween Caracas an Bogotá.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. World Gazetteer
  2. Boletín Censo General 2005 - Perfil Arauca/Arauca
  3. "Climate of Arauca-Table of Values" (in Spanish). Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales. Retrieved September 6, 2012. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]