Antioquia

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Depairtment o Antioquia
Departamento de Antioquia
Depairtment

Flag

Coat of arms
Motto: Liberty an Courage
(Spainyie: Libertad y Valor)
Anthem: Himno de Antioquia
Antioquia shown in red
Kintra Banner o Colombie Colombie
Region Andean Region
Established 1826
Caipital Medellín
Government
 • Govrenor Sergio Fajardo (Colombie Green Pairty)
Area
 • Total 63,612 km2 (24,561 sq mi)
Area rank 6
Population (2005)[1]
 • Total 5,671,689
 • Rank 2
 • Density 89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-05
ISO 3166 code CO-ANT
Provinces 9
Municipalities 125
Website www.gobant.gov.co

Antioquia (Spainyie pronunciation: [anˈtjokja]) is ane o the 32 depairtments o Colombie, locatit in the central northwastren pairt o Colombie wi a narrae section that borders the Caribbean Sea. Maist o its territory is muntainous wi some valleys, hintle o which is pairt o the Andes muntain range. Antioquia haes been pairt o mony territorial diveesions o umwhile kintras creatit ower the present day territory o Colombie, an prior tae the Colombie Constitution o 1886, Antioquia State wis a sovereign govrenment in their awn richt.

The depairtment covers an aurie o 63,612 km² (24,427 sq mi), an haes a population o 5,819,358 (2006 estimate); 6,6 million (2010 estimate). Antioquia borders wi the Córdoba Depairtment an the Caribbean Sea tae the north, Chocó tae the wast, tae the east it borders the depairtments o Bolivar, Santander an Boyaca, an tae the sooth the depairtments o Caldas an Risaralda.

Medellín is Antioquia's caipital ceety, an the seicont lairgest ceety in the kintra. Ither important touns are Santa Fe de Antioquia, the auld caipital locatit on the Cauca, an Puerto Berrío on the Magdalena.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Antioquia is the 6t lairgest depairtment o Colombie. It is predominantly muntainous, crossed bi the Cordillera Central an the Cordillera Occidental o the Andes. The Cordillera Central, further divides tae form the Aburrá valley, in which the caipital Medellín is locatit. The Cordillera Central forms the plateaus o Santa Rosa de Osos an Rionegro.

Despite 80% o the depairtment's territory being muntainous, Antioquia haes a coast on the Caribbean Sea an aw, in the lawland aurie o the Urabá. This aurie haes a tropical climate an is o heich strategical importance due tae its location.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Regions an Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Antioquia is dividit intae 9 subregions[2] tae facilitate the depairtment's admeenistration. These 9 regions contain a total o 126 municipalities. The 9 subregions wi their municipalities are:

Soothwastren Antioquia Eastren Antioquia Northeastren Antioquia
Northren Antioquia Wastren Antioquia Bajo Cauca Antioquia
Magdalena Medio Antioquia Urabá Antioquia Metropolitan Aurie o Medellín

Demografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The population o Antioquia is 5,819,358 (2005 estimate), o which mair than hauf live in the metropolitan aurie o Medellin. The racial composition is:

The local inhabitants o Antioquia are ken as antioqueños. O the five main regional groups in Colombie, the predominant group in Antioquia are kent as paisa, referrin tae those livin in the Paisa region, which covers maist o Antioquia, as well as the depairtments o Caldas, Risaralda an Quindío.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 6°13′N 75°34′W / 6.217°N 75.567°W / 6.217; -75.567