Amazon River

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This article is aboot the river. For ether uises, see Amazon (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 0°10′0″S 49°0′0″W / 0.16667°S 49.00000°W / -0.16667; -49.00000
Amazon
Carhuasanta, Apurímac, Ene, Tambo, Ucayali, Amazonas, Solimões
Mooth o the Amazon River
Kintras Brazil, Colombie, Peru
Region Sooth Americae
Tributaries
 - left Marañón, Japurá/Caquetá, Rio Negro/Guainía, Putumayo
 - right Ucayali, Purús, Madeira, Xingu, Tocantins
City Iquitos (Peru); Leticia (Colombia); Manaus (Brazil)
Santarém and Belém do Pará (Brazil)
Macapa (Brazil)
Source Andes Mountains
 - location Nevado Mismi, Arequipa, Peru
 - elevation 5,170 m (16,962 ft)
 - coordinates 15°31′5″S 71°45′55″W / 15.51806°S 71.76528°W / -15.51806; -71.76528
Mouth Atlantic Ocean
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 0°10′0″S 49°0′0″W / 0.16667°S 49.00000°W / -0.16667; -49.00000 [1]
Length 6,400 km (4,000 mi) approx.
Basin 7,050,000 km2 (2,720,000 sq mi) approx.
Discharge
 - average 209,000 m3/s (7,381,000 cu ft/s) approx.
Map shawin the Amazon drainage basin wi the Amazon River heichlichtit
Amazonas floatin veelage, Iquitos

The Amazon River (US play /ˈæməzɒn/ or UK /ˈæməzən/; Spanish an Portuguese: Amazonas) in Sooth Americae is the seicont longest river in the warld an bi far the lairgest bi watterflow wi an average discharge greater than the next seven lairgest rivers combined (nae includin Madeira an Rio Negro, which are tributaries o the Amazon). The Amazon, which haes the lairgest drainage basin in the warld, aboot 7,050,000 square kilometres (2,720,000 sq mi), accoonts for approximately ane-fift o the warld's tot river flow.[2][3]

In its upper stretches, above the confluence o the Rio Negro, the Amazon is cried Solimões in Brazil; however, in Peru, Colombie an Ecuador, as well as the rest o the Spanish-speakin warld, the river is generally cried the Amazon dounstream frae the confluence o the Marañón an Ucayali rivers in Peru. The Ucayali-Apurímac river seestem is considered the main soorce o the Amazon, wi as its main heidstream the Carhuasanta glacial stream flowin aff the Nevado Mismi muntain.

The width o the Amazon is atween 1.6 and 10 kilometres (1.0 and 6.2 mi) at laich stage but expands durin the wet saison tae 48 kilometres (30 mi) or mair. The river enters the Atlantic Ocean in a broad estuary aboot 240 kilometres (150 mi) wide. The mooth o the main stem is 80 kilometres (50 mi).[4] Acause o its vast dimensions, it is sometimes cried The River Sea. The first bridge in the Amazon river seestem (ower the Rio Negro) opened on 10 October 2010 near Manaus, Brazil.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Amazon River at GEOnet Names Server
  2. Tom Sterling: Der Amazonas. Time-Life Bücher 1979, 7th German Printing, p. 19
  3. Smith, Nigel J.H. (2003). Amazon Sweet Sea: Land, Life, and Water at the River's Mouth. University of Texas Press. pp. 1–2. ISBN 978-0-292-77770-5. 
  4. Amazon (river) (2007 ed.). Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 31 October 2009. Retrieved 12 August 2007. [deid airtin]