Al Marj

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Marj (/ˈmɑrdʒ/, Arabic: المرج‎Al Marǧ, Inglis: The Meadows), an aa spelt El Merj, umwhile Barca or Barce, is a ceety in northeastren Libie an the admeenistrative seat o the Al Marj Destrict.[1] It lees in an upland valley separatit frae the Mediterranean Sea bi a range o hills, pairt o the Jebel Akhdar Muntains.

It has an estimated population of 85,315 (2004).[2] There are a couple of banks on the main street and the main post office is in the centre of town, not far from the Abu Bakr Assiddiq mosque.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Marj wis the steid o the 7t-century BCE Greek colony o Barca. It wis captured bi the Persies in 512 BCE,[4] an wis annexed bi the Ptolemies follaein Alexander the Great's daith in 323 BCE. It wis taken bi the Arabs unner 'Amr ibn al-'As in 641 CE.

In the 1800s, the toun grew aroond a Turkis fort built in 1842 an nou restored. The Italians developed the toun (1913–41) as an admeenistrative an mercat centre an hill resort.

Marj wis the caipital o Breetish-occupeed Cyrenaica frae 1942−1943.[5]

Hintle o the ceety wis destroyed[3] bi a 5.6 earthquake on 21 Februar 1963,[6] which killed some 300 people and injured 500 more.[7] The major rebiggin wis commenced aboot 5 km (3.1 mi) frae the auld steid, an wis completit aboot 1970.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Room, Adrian (2006) "Al Marj" Placenames of the world: origins and meanings of the names for 6,600 countries, cities, territories, natural features, and historic sites (2nd edition) McFarland, Jefferson, North Carolina, p. 26, ISBN 0-7864-2248-3
  2. Wolfram Alpha
  3. 3.0 3.1 Pliez, Olivier (ed.) (2009) "Al Marj" Le Petit Futé Libye Petit Futé, Paris, p. 237, ISBN 2-7469-2276-2; in French
  4. Merriam-Webster, Inc. (1972) "Barca" Webster's New Geographical Dictionary‎ G. & C. Merriam Co., Springfield, Massachusetts, p. 118, ISBN 0-87779-146-5
  5. Stewart, John (1996) "Cyrenaica" The British Empire: an encyclopedia of the Crown's holdings, 1493 through 1995 McFarland & Co., Jefferson, North Carolina, p. 125, ISBN 0-7864-0177-X
  6. Earthquake at USGS
  7. Hewitt, Kenneth (1983) "Seismic Risk and Mountain Environments: The Role of Surface Conditions in Earthquake Disaster" Mountain Research and Development 3(1): pp. 27-44, p. 30

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

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