Al 'Aziziyah

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake

Al 'Aziziyah (Arabic: العزيزيةAl 'Azīzīya), sometimes spelt El Azizia, is a ceety in an caipital o Al Jfara Destrict in northwastren Libie, 55 kilometres (34 mi) soothwast o Tripoli. Afore 2001 it wis in Al 'Aziziyah Destrict an its ciapital. Al 'Aziziyah is a major trade centre o the Sahel Jeffare plateau, being on a trade route frae the coast tae the Nafusa Muntains an the Fezzan region tae the sooth. As o 2009, the ceety's population haes been estimatit at ower 4,000.[1]

Geography an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 13 September 1922, a heich temperature o 57.8°C (136°F) wis recordit in Al 'Aziziyah, which is the heichest temperature iver measured on Earth.[2][3]

However, that readin is controversial:[4][5]

  1. The weather station wis at first in Al Aziziyah toun, but in 1919 it wis muivit tae a hilltop fort, whaur the weather station wis set up on black tarmac, which wad hae absorbed mair sunlicht an made the air there airtificially hotter, explainin a period o vera hot readins there frae 1919 tae 1928.
  2. Shortly afore the 13 September 1922 record readin, the weather station's uisual maximum thermometer haed been damaged, an replaced bi an uncalibratit ordinary maximum-minimum thermometer such as aften uised in greenhouses.

This record does no mean that Al 'Aziziyah is the hottest place on Earth; that title belangs tae Dallol, Ethiopie, whaur the mean temperatur is 34.4°C (94°F). If the record wis no the actual temperatur, then the hottest temperature is 56.7°C (134°F) which haes been recordit in 1913 in Daith Valley in the Unitir States.

Climate data for Al 'Aziziyah, Libie (1920-1942)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
33.5
(92.3)
44.5
(112.1)
48.3
(118.9)
49.5
(121.1)
51.9
(125.4)
51.0
(123.8)
56.0
(132.8)
57.8
(136.0)
57.8
(136.0)
Source: http://www.wunderground.com/blog/weatherhistorian/comment.html?entrynum=2</ref>

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "العزيزية" ("Al 'Aziziyah") World Gazetteer. Retrieved 6 September 2009.
  2. "Global Measured Extremes of Temperature and Precipitation". National Climatic Data Center. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Retrieved 3 December 2008. 
  3. "What is the highest temperature recorded on Earth, and what's a reasonable upper limit on the Earth's temperature?". Goddard Space Flight Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Retrieved 6 September 2009. [deid airtin]
  4. "Broken thermometer led to a record breaker". Daily Telegraph. 13 November 2010. 
  5. Burt, Christopher C. (2010-10-08). "QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE WORLD’S HOTTEST TEMPERATURE ON RECORD: 136.4°F (58°C) AT AL AZIZIA, LIBYA SEPTEMBER 13, 1922". Weather Underground. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 

Coordinates: 32°31′51″N 13°01′16″E / 32.53083°N 13.02111°E / 32.53083; 13.02111