Al 'Aziziyah (Arabic: العزيزية Al 'Azīzīya), sometimes spelt El Azizia, is a ceety in an caipital o Al Jfara Destrict in northwastren Libie, 55 kilometres (34 mi) soothwast o Tripoli. Afore 2001 it wis in Al 'Aziziyah Destrict an its ciapital. Al 'Aziziyah is a major trade centre o the Sahel Jeffare plateau, being on a trade route frae the coast tae the Nafusa Muntains an the Fezzan region tae the sooth. As o 2009, the ceety's population haes been estimatit at ower 4,000.
Geography an climate
- The weather station wis at first in Al Aziziyah toun, but in 1919 it wis muivit tae a hilltop fort, whaur the weather station wis set up on black tarmac, which wad hae absorbed mair sunlicht an made the air there airtificially hotter, explainin a period o vera hot readins there frae 1919 tae 1928.
- Shortly afore the 13 September 1922 record readin, the weather station's uisual maximum thermometer haed been damaged, an replaced bi an uncalibratit ordinary maximum-minimum thermometer such as aften uised in greenhouses.
This record does no mean that Al 'Aziziyah is the hottest place on Earth; that title belangs tae Dallol, Ethiopie, whaur the mean temperatur is 34.4°C (94°F). If the record wis no the actual temperatur, then the hottest temperature is 56.7°C (134°F) which haes been recordit in 1913 in Daith Valley in the Unitir States.
|Climate data for Al 'Aziziyah, Libie (1920-1942)|
|Record heich °C (°F)||30.1
- "العزيزية" ("Al 'Aziziyah") World Gazetteer. Retrieved 6 September 2009.
- "Global Measured Extremes of Temperature and Precipitation". National Climatic Data Center. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Retrieved 3 December 2008.
- "What is the highest temperature recorded on Earth, and what's a reasonable upper limit on the Earth's temperature?". Goddard Space Flight Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Retrieved 6 September 2009.[deid airtin]
- "Broken thermometer led to a record breaker". Daily Telegraph. 13 November 2010.
- Burt, Christopher C. (2010-10-08). "QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE WORLD’S HOTTEST TEMPERATURE ON RECORD: 136.4°F (58°C) AT AL AZIZIA, LIBYA SEPTEMBER 13, 1922". Weather Underground. Retrieved 2010-10-09.