Ériu

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In Erse meethologie, Ériu (Erse pronunciation: [ˈeːrʲu]; modren Erse Éire), cried Eri an aw,[1] dochter o Ernmas o the Tuatha Dé Danann, wis the eponymous matron goddess o Ireland.

The Inglis/Scots name for Ireland comes frae the name Ériu an the Germanic (Auld Norse or Auld Inglis) wird land.

The fact that Ériu is represented as goddess o Ireland, she is aften interpretit as a modren day personification o Ireland, although syne the name "Ériu" is the aulder Erse form o the wird Ireland, her modren name is aften modifeed tae "Éire" or "Erin" tae suit a modren form.

Role an meethic portrayal[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wi her sisters, Banba an Fódla, she was part of an important triumvirate of goddesses. When the Milesians arrivit frae Galicie each o the three sisters askit that her name be gien tae the kintra. This wis grantit tae thaim, awtho Ériu (Éire) became the chief name in use (Banba an Fódla are still sometimes uised as poetic names for Ireland, hintle as Albion is for Great Breetain).

Ériu, Banba an Fódla are interpretit as goddesses o sovereignty.[2]

Accordin tae Seathrún Céitinn the three goddesses o Éire, Banbha an Fódla wur Badhbh, Macha an Móirríoghan (respectively).[3] Like Ériu, Badhbh is sometimes namit as a dochter o Ernmas an aw; the twa goddesses mey possibly tharefore be seen as equivalent.

Different texts hae attributit different personal relationships tae Ériu. Her husband haes been namit as Mac Gréine (‘Son o the Sun’).[4][5] She haes been portrayed as the luver o Elatha, a prince o the Fomorians, wi whom she haed a son Bres,[1][5] an as the mistress o the hero Lugh.[5]

Name an etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Varsity o Wales' reconstructit Proto-Celtic lexicon gies *Φīwerjon- (nominative singular Φīwerjō) as the Proto-Celtic etymologie o this name.[6] This Celtic form implees Proto-Indo-European *piHwerjon-, likely relatit tae the adjectival stem *piHwer- "fat" (cf. Sanskrit pīvan, f. pīvarī and by-form pīvara, "fat, full, aboondin") hence meanin "fat land" or "land o abundance", appleed at an early date tae the island o Ireland. The Proto-Celtic form became *īweriū [7] in Q-Celtic (Proto-Goidelic). Frae a similar or somewha later form wur borraeed Greek Ἰέρνη I[w]ernē an Ἰουερνία Iouernia; the latter form wis convertit intae Laitin Hibernia.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes
  1. 1.0 1.1 Lady Gregory (2004) [1905]. "The Reign of Bres". Gods and Fighting Men. Project Gutenberg. 
  2. Astro-Theology and Sidereal Mythology
  3. Seathrún Céitinn, Foras Feasa ar Érinn. CELT online translation.
  4. Lebor Gabála Érenn. Online translation at www.ancienttexts.org
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Monaghan 2009, p. 160
  6. Proto-Celtic—English lexicon (archive)
  7. Mallory, J.P. and D.Q. Adams, ed. Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Pub., 1997, p. 194
Works cited

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Boydell, Barra. "The female harp: The Irish harp in 18th- and early–19th-century Romantic nationalism", RIdIM/RCMI newsletter XX/1 (spring 1995), 10–17.]